TEA

All types of tea come from the same plants. Different rolling and drying techniques can be used with the same plant to produce both green and black tea. The plants are slow-growing and are best kept to a height of 4 ft., by pruning. Plant in well-draining soil in the sun or partial shad in a container.

VARIETIES

CAMELLIA SIN: ASSAMICA
ASSAMICA
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: C. var Assamica, or "Assam-type", often take more of a tree than shrub-form with large, dark green leaves. Vigorous growth provides abundant tips to harvest from and make excellent black teas. These plants will appreciate some protection from cold weather. Leaf size: Large 5"+.
CAMELLIA SIN: BATUMI
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Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Selected from a crop of open-pollinated seedlings, this cultivar's new growth appears dark red before maturing to the same green as its known parent, 'Black Sea Tea'. Vigorous growth adds colourful interest through the growing season and quickly creates a beautiful hedge.
CAMELLIA SIN: BLACK SEA TEA
BLACK SEA TEA
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Our "Black Sea Tea" seedlings come from plants developed at Russian tea research stations, in what is now the country of Georgia. The tea plantations in the area are on the coast of the Black Sea. These plants have similar genetics to 'Sochi', so expect good vigour and cold hardiness. Leaf 4.5".
CAMELLIA SIN: CHARLOTTE
CHARLOTTE
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Unusually smooth, medium-green leaves appear on dark, red-brown branches, creating striking contrast.
CAMELLIA SIN: CHIA TSAO
CHIA TSAO
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A favourite for making Oolong! This clone is a selection from plants collected at the village of Chia Tsao in the mountains of Taiwan. The plant has a more spreading habit with small and narrow leaves. Oolong tea made from these leaves seems to have more of the aromatic compounds which make a great Oolong tea. These have survived -16'C (3'F) with no injury.
CAMELLIA SIN: CHINA
CHINA
Seasonal Availability: 3 Gal - $120 || 8 Gal - $160
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: These open-pollinated seedlings have medium-green leaves and tend to bloom heavily at a young age. The origin is an unknown location in China. These have shown good cold hardiness to around -18'C (0'F). They have a profusion of white flowers from September through November.
CAMELLIA SIN: CHRISTINE'S CHOICE
CHRISTINE'S CHOICE
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Selected by Christine Parks, this cultivar has beautifully dark green leaves that tend towards the long and narrow. Abundantly branching, delivers ample shoots to harvest from. A Camellia Forest introduction. Leaf 4.5". This is one of the seedlings from a batch of seeds purchased from China. Not one of the most cold hardy cultivars although an established plant survived -16'C (3'F) with only leaf damage. This cultivar usually produces a heavy crop seeds.
CAMELLIA SIN: DAVE'S FAVE
DAVE'S FAVE
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: This cultivar was selected for its rounded leaves and short internodes. Exceptionally dark green leaves have pronounced serrations and remain shiny through maturity. 'Dave's Fave' is a vigorous, well-shaped shrub with woody stalks that makes a fantastic hedge. A seedling from Chinese seed of unknown origin. This one has survived -16'C (3'F) without injury. The larger flower produce a small amount of seed. A Camellia Forest introduction.
CAMELLIA SIN: FAIRHOPE SELECT
FAIRHOPE SELECT
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Formerly 'Lipton Plantation'. This selection from Donnie Barrett of Fairhope Tea Plantation has small, medium green leaves with pronounced serration. Vigorous growth produces lots of shoots for harvest! Prolific flowers and seed set, and quite cold hardy. Lipton Tea Company started a tea research project at Fairhope, but after 4 years the plants were bulldozed and burned. Donnie Barrett saved 3 plants and propagated many from these. Fairhope Select is one of these selections.
CAMELLIA SIN: FUIRI
FUIRI
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A variegated cultivar obtained from Hawaii. White margins appear on irregularly shaped, gray-green leaves with occasional viral spotting. Matte leaves are dense, small, and narrow. This cultivar is slower to develop than is typical for the species, but grows quite well once established; its ultimate size and hardiness are as yet unknown.
CAMELLIA SIN: GANGWON-DO
GANGWON-DO
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60 || 3 Gal - $120 || 5 Gal - $140 || 8 Gal - $160
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 5m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: This new, exceptionally vigorous cultivar was selected from a batch of seeds collected in the Gangwon-do province of South Korea near the DMZ. Without question - this has become an absolute favourite! These come from a tea plantation where they grow under trees to provide some protection from cold, as this area of Korea is colder than typical sites for tea production in Korea. Originally the source of plants for this plantation was Chiri Mountain (see Camellia sinensis "Korea").
CAMELLIA SIN: JINHUA
JINHUA
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: From the Camellia Species Garden in Jinhua, Chekiang Province of China, was found a beautiful hedge of tea with very small leaves. These are open pollinated seedlings.
CAMELLIA SIN: KOREA
KOREA
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60 || 2 Gal - $90
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: CompactDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 2m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: These seedlings come from plants originating on Chiri Mountain, the second tallest in South Korea. The glossy leaves are slightly larger than those of 'Small Leaf Tea' but are quite a bit darker and significantly less reticulated. These plants have so far proven to be quite cold-hardy and their compact stature makes them great for containers. Leaf 4.5".
CAMELLIA SIN: LARGE LEAF
LARGE LEAF
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60 || 5 Gal - $140 || 8 Gal - $160
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 5m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The large, leathery leaves of the "Large Leaf" plant are dark green and strongly reticulated with pronounced serrations. These seedlings easily become multi-trunked trees reaching 15' tall with profuse shoots to harvest from. An overabundance of large flowers yield an incredible quantity of small seeds. Leaf size: 6" x 3".
CAMELLIA SIN: LOWLAND NEPAL
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Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Seedlings originating from Nepal's lower elevations. These plants have remarkably smooth, dark green leaves.
CAMELLIA SIN: MIWA'S GARDEN
MIWA'S GARDEN
Seasonal Availability: 2 Gal - $90
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: These seedlings of 'Miwa' have been amazingly vigorous. They haven't been around for 10 years yet, but are expected to reach 8' x 8' by then. Leaf 3".
CAMELLIA SIN: MOUNTAIN NEPAL
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Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: As the name suggests, these seedlings hail from the high-altitude regions of Nepal.
CAMELLIA SIN: ROSEA
ROSEA
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60 || 8 Gal - $160
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: This cultivar's pale pink flowers are produced in profusion in early autumn. Burgundy new growth is the most outstanding quality of this variety, but the red pigment is found in all parts of the plant: from the roots to the bright pink filaments of the flowers. The tiny leaves are incredibly dark and become quite smooth as they mature, giving them a lovely delicate texture. Slow growth makes 'Rosea' an excellent selection for containers. Average mature leaf size: 2.5" x 1".
CAMELLIA SIN: SILVER DUST
SILVER DUST
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: CompactDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 2m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: White speckling is found across the surface of the leaves. While later summer flushes produce light green shoots, the first flush is often pure white. A small batch of tea made from the white shoots yielded a very mild flavour with no bitterness. Compact growth and year-round interest make 'Silver Dust' a great choice for containers. Leaf 3.5".
CAMELLIA SIN: SMALL LEAF
SMALL LEAF
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: CompactDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 2m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 0'C (32'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: These seedlings develop into excellent bushes which are compact and container friendly. Medium-green leaves with irregular serrations remain less than 4" x 2.5" at maturity. This cold-hardy variety is widely grown in Japan and favoured for producing mild-flavoured tea.
CAMELLIA SIN: SOCHI
SOCHI
Seasonal Availability: 5 Gal - $140 || 8 Gal - $160
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 0'C (32'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -10'C (14'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: These seedlings come from plants developed at tea research stations in the Sochi region of Russia. Glossy, medium-green leaves are medium to large in size. They perform beautifully in Zone 7b, and growers in Zone 6b have reported good cold hardiness and vigour. Average mature leaf size: 4.5" x 2.5".
CAMELLIA SIN: SUPER SOCHI
SUPER SOCHI
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60 || 5 Gal - $140
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 0'C (32'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -10'C (14'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Selected from some very special plants in Camellia Forest Tea Gardens, this cultivar displays significantly larger leaves and more vigorous growth than the original 'Sochi' plants while displaying the same colour and similar cold hardiness. Leaf 5".
CAMELLIA SIN: TAIWAN
TAIWAN
Seasonal Availability: 1 Gal - $60
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 0'C (32'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: These are open pollinated seedlings grown from seeds collected from Chia Tsao plants. Chia Tsao is the village in the mountains of Taiwan where some seeds were collected at a small tea plantation. These seedlings have small and narrow leaves compared to many tea varieties. So far they have survived -16'C (3'F) with no problems.
CAMELLIA SIN: TEABREEZE - PP.
TEABREEZE - PP.
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 0'C (32'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Though Teabreeze does produce drinkable tea, it was selected for its ornamental appeal: narrow leaves are exceptionally smooth and a very dark, flat green. Leaf 4" x 1.5".
CAMELLIA SIN: YELLOW TEA
YELLOW TEA
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: CompactDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 2m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 0'C (32'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The leaves of this cultivar are heavily splotched with yellow and positively enormous, growing up to 7.5" long and 3.5" wide. This particular plant grows rather slowly and produces fewer shoots than is typical for the species, so we recommend either multiple plants or making this a more ornamental specimen in your tea garden.
CAMELLIA TALIENSIS:
Seasonal Availability: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 5m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 0'C (32'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: N/AHarvest: May to Mid-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: Seed/CuttingFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Camellia Taliensis grows in an upright tree-like form. Its upright branching will hold larger leaves, likely around 5" each. This tea plant comes from Dali in the Yunnan province. C. Taliensis is an important wild relative to the cultivated tea plant Camellia Sinensis.

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