SATSUMA

VARIETIES

SATSUMA: BROWN SELECT
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For Sale: 2 Gal - $89.95
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: CompactDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Nov-DecYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Tree is slow growing with an open growth habit. Very cold tolerant. Fruit is medium sized with orange seedless flesh, rich in flavour and juicy. Fruit does not hold well to tree, but does store well. Clip to harvest.
SATSUMA: DOBASHI BENI
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For Sale: 2 Gal - $89.95 || 3 Gal - $180.61
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 4mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: Orange-RedHarvest: Nov-DecYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: SelfChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Deep orange-red coloured seedless fruit of good quality. This variety originated as a limb sport of Owari and noted about 1940. The fruit need to be picked as soon as they ripen, but they store well. Harvest them carefully as, if you pull the fruit directly from the tree, the skin may tear. Cut the fruits off from the stalk instead.
SATSUMA: FROST OWARI
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For Sale: 2 Gal - $96.25
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Nov-DecYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: This variety is of ancient and unknown Japanese origin, presumably from the old province of Owari, whence the name. Fruit medium in size, medium-oblate to subglobose; sometimes slightly necked; seedless. Matures in advance of good coloration. Rind thin and leathery; surface smooth to slightly rough; easily separable. As maturity passes, the neck, if present, increases in size, the rind roughens, and its looseness increases, becoming baggy. Segments 10 to 12, with tough carpellary membranes; loosely separable; axis hollow. Flesh orange-coloured; tender and melting; flavour rich but sub acid. Fruit holds poorly on trees after maturity and must be picked promptly but stores well. Tree moderately vigorous but slow-growing; medium-small, spreading and drooping; very productive. 1916
SATSUMA: GOLD NUGGET
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For Sale: 3 Gal - $180.61
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Pale OrangeHarvest: Mar-MayYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Late-maturing diploid mandarin hybrid that combines good fruit size, excellent productivity, outstanding storage characteristics both on and off the tree, extremely rich and sweet fruit flavour and the absence of seeds even in mixed plantings. Gold Nugget fruit are slightly flattened in shape, with little or no neck. The average fruit size is medium-large for a mandarin, with mean weight per fruit of 130 grams (4.6 oz). The rind texture is variable, depending on tree age, crop, but especially on the amount of pruning the tree has received. Alternate bearing is also reduced in regularly pruned trees. Fruit rinds from non-pruned trees with heavy crops can be somewhat coarse and bumpy although fairly easy to peel when fruit are mature. Rind oil is evident when peeling fresh fruit. Fruit splitting on the stylar end of the fruit can occur. The fruit is juicy, averaging 49% juice content. Flesh is deep orange in colour with a moderately fine texture. The taste is extremely sweet when mature (brix 15.0% in March, 17.5% in May) with a very rich flavour, considered by professional taste panels to be one of the very best flavoured citrus in the world. 1975
SATSUMA: MIHO WASE
MIHO WASE
For Sale: 2 Gal - $90.18
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Oct-DecYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Fruit somewhat oblate, but high in sugar, usually low in acid; and earlier in maturity. Tree also more vigorous. Markedly similar to Okitsu, but fruit from young trees has been slower to colour and in some location trees have been somewhat more vigorous. The Miho variety originated as a sister nucellar seedling to Okitsu but seems to have the slight differences mentioned above. It was registered in 1963.
SATSUMA: NIPPON ORANGEQUAT
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For Sale: 2 Gal - $92.81 || 3 Gal - $187.76
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Sept-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Satsuma and Meiwa kumquat hybrid. Fruit is large and very flavourful. Matures early and holds well to the tree.
SATSUMA: OKITSU WASE
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For Sale: 2 Gal - $89.95
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Sept-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Okitsu-wase is a popular cultivar (2nd in acreage) of Satsuma in Japan. Okitsu Wase is better coloured than Kawano Wase. Flavour similar- sweet & ready to eat- but Okitsu Wase may be slightly better flavoured. Fruit somewhat more oblate than Miyagawa, but averages higher in sugar content and matures a week or so earlier. 1940
SATSUMA: SEEDLESS KISHU
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For Sale: 2 Gal - $89.95 || 3 Gal - $180.61
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Sept-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: This species is the kishĂ» mikan of Japan. The fruit is small, somewhat oblate, depressed at both ends, orange-coloured, and glossy. The thin, comparatively tight rind is easily peelable and fragrantly aromatic. The flesh is firm, meaty, and pleasantly sweet in flavour. Seeds are few. Small mandarin, sweet, peels & sections well. Mukakukishu is a completely seedless variety. Very old species of possibly Chinese origin.
SATSUMA: XIE SHAN
XIE SHAN
For Sale: 2 Gal - $89.95 || 3 Gal - $180.61 || 5 Gal - $309.88
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 10'C (50'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Aug - late SeptYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 15'C (60'F)
Description: Xie Shan is the Chinese translation of the original Japanese name 'Wakiyama'. It has a unique flavour and taste that differs from other Satsumas. With harvesting starting by mid-September Xie Shan together with 'Miyagawa' forms a new group of easy-peeling, completely seedless, super-early satsumas. 1992
SATSUMA: YOSEMITE GOLD TM (TDE #4)
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For Sale: 2 Gal - $94.24
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Deep OrangeHarvest: Feb-AprYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Patented (Plant Patent #16,289), Triploid mandarin hybrid that combines large fruit size, rich fruit flavour and the virtual absence of seeds even in mixed plantings. Yosemite Gold™ mandarin fruit are oblate (moderate flat) in shape, with little or no neck. The average fruit size is large for a mandarin and a mean weight per fruit of 175 grams (6 oz.), heavy for the fruit size. A smooth rind texture for fruit on trees with moderate to heavy crops. Rinds of fruit from trees with very light crops can be excessively rough. The rind is quite easy to peel when fruit are mature. Flesh is deep orange in colour with a medium texture. The fruit is moderately juicy averaging 42% juice content and are quite sweet (13% brix in February, 16% in April) with a very rich and very distinctive flavour.
SATSUMA: FAIRCHILDLS
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For Sale: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Dec-JanYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Fruit are richly flavoured and sweet when mature (14% brix) with a fairly smooth, orange rind. Fruit are slightly more elongated than normal 'Fairchild'. The distinctive trait of 'FairchildLS' is that it is considered to be low seeded (2.4 seeds per fruit) despite any cross-pollination. 'FairchildLS' fruit are deeply oblate in shape with no neck. The fruit is medium sized for a mandarin, averaging 64 mm (2.5 in.) in diameter and 56 mm (2.2 in.) in height. The rind is relatively thin and at maturity is considered moderately easy to peel. The fruit interior has fine flesh texture with 10-11 segments. The fruit are juicy averaging 47% juice with an average weight of 110g. 'FairchildLS' matures in winter and holds its fruit quality characteristics through late March. Fruit from trees on C-35 citrange rootstocks average 11.2-12.8% soluble solids and 0.94-1.23% acid in January increasing to 13.1-14.0% soluble solids with decreasing acid of 0.78-1.01% by mid-March. Fruit production for 'FairchildLS' begins in the third year after planting. Four-year-old trees averaged 62-88 lb, and five year old trees averaged 92-108 lbs. 2007
SATSUMA: IWASAKI
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For Sale: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Yellow-OrangeHarvest: Sept-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Not much information is apparently available about this genotype. Iwasaki is very early (early to mid-September in Spain). It has good taste and fruit quality (size, colour). Unlike some other Satsumas, it is vigorous. It is becoming the most widely planted Satsuma in Spain. 2009
SATSUMA: KIMBROUGH
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For Sale: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 4m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: OrangeHarvest: Nov-DecYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 100 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Kimbrough trees are large, strong, spreading and very productive. The fruit is generally large and stores well on the tree after maturity. It has fewer seeds than other varieties of Satsuma. Easy peeling and excellent eating quality with superb flavour. Kimbrough is reported to be hardy down to -11'C (12'F) and is known to have survived single digit temperatures for a few hours.

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