AVOCADO

Avocados have an unusual flowering behaviour that is affected by cold conditions which can impact on the level of fruit set. A mature avocado tree may produce in excess of a million flowers during the flowering period, most of which fall without producing fruit. The purpose behind the mass flowering is to encourage visits by a range of flying and crawling insects, believed to be mainly the honey bee. The avocado has a ‘complete’ flower, but with an unusual behaviour known as ‘protogynous dichogamy’. The avocado flower has both functional male and female organs in the one flower, but opens and closes twice over a two-day period — the first day as functionally female and the next as functionally male. Each opening stage only lasts about half a day. In general, on a single tree all the open flowers will be synchronized. That means they will be all functionally male or all functionally female. The avocado pollen of one tree is compatible with itself and quite capable of pollinating its own flowers — known as self-pollination. The unusual flowering behaviour is to reduce the likelihood of this occurring. To further maximise the likelihood of cross-pollination some trees will open first in the morning as functionally female, close and then reopen the next afternoon as functionally male (type A flowering sequence). Other trees open first in the afternoon as functionally female, close and then reopen the next morning as functionally male (type B flowering sequence). The timing of these stages determines the classification of varieties into either type A or B flowering. This is an evolutionary development to increase genetic diversity. Because a single flower takes two days to complete its cycle, on any one day some flowers will be opening as female and others as male, just at different times of the day. The stigma of an avocado flower will normally have ceased to be receptive to pollen when it starts to release its own pollen. However, as a result of the mass flowering, that under ideal temperatures (maximum 25°C, minimum 20°C) there is theoretically some overlap from other flowers providing a small window of opportunity for what is termed close-pollination. They can also flower at slightly different periods during the year. While the opening and closing of flowers over the two-day cycle is synchronized, it is also affected by air temperature. Under stable ‘ideal’ flowering temperatures the flowers behave much like the typical pattern. But under cooler conditions (maximum 20°C, minimum 10°C), or under even colder conditions, type B flowers may be delayed so much that the female stage may not be detected, with the flower appearing to open only as a functional male. Also, the male phase of type A flowers may be so delayed that they remain open over-night and into the next morning. The temperature effect on flower opening is not necessarily equal on all varieties. The avocado flower provides both pollen and nectar which will attract the bees, but due to its size, unusual opening sequence and lower sugar concentration in its nectar, it is not preferred by honey bees. Therefore, while populations of wild bees will visit your avocado trees and assist pollination, they will often be attracted more to other plants flowering at the same time, thus limiting their effectiveness. The avocado tree is noted for having large numbers of flowers in some seasons and yet setting very light crops. There is a range of factors that affect fruit set. Initially there is the requirement for pollen to be transferred onto the stigma (female parts) of the flower while it is receptive. The number of pollen grains being deposited on the stigma is not the end of the story though, as temperature and humidity are also involved. Temperature affects the rate of growth of the pollen tube — the lower the temperature the slower the growth rate. Temperature and humidity also affect how long before the stigma shrivels. The higher the temperature and lower the humidity, the quicker the stigma will shrivel. If the stigma shrivels before the pollen tube has finished its growth to the ovules then fertilization will not occur. Dry windy days with cold nights can lead to this. Two to three consecutive days of minimum temperatures above 10°C, combined with day temperatures above 16°C, are required to achieve effective pollination. Rain and nutrition can also impact on pollination.

VARIETIES

P. AMERICANA: BACON
BACON
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: Dark Green, almost BlackHarvest: Sept-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A Mexican type avocado. The fruit is slightly larger however, with a dark green almost black skin. The fruit eats very well having a rich creamy flavour and a skin that peels quite easily. Having exceptional cold resistance, it would be a good selection for connoisseurs. Type 'B'. 1lb.
P. AMERICANA: BERNECKER
BERNECKER
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Aug-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A large Pear shaped fruit popular with home and commercial growers. Produces delicious green skin large avocados, very little fibre and excellent flesh to seed ratio. Type 'A'. 500g - 1kg.
P. AMERICANA: BETA
BETA
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Mid-season, July-SeptYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A reliable producer of high quality green skinned fruit. The workhorse of mid-season Avocado. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: BLACK PRINCE
BLACK PRINCE
Pre-order: 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Dark GreenHarvest: Mid Aug to mid SeptYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Guatemala, dark Green Skin, smooth to lightly pebbly. Medium to large fruit. Type 'A'. 400-900g.
P. AMERICANA: BRAZOS BELLE
BRAZOS BELLE
Pre-order: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: Purple-BlackHarvest: Oct-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Long medium-large purple-black fruits with a rich nutty flavour. Superior cold hardy. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: BROGDON
BROGDON
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105 || 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: PurpleHarvest: Sept-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: An excellent cold hardy avocado easily identified by its purple skin. It is an excellent choice for guacamole lovers. Type 'B'. 500-700g (1-1.5 lbs).
P. AMERICANA: BROOKS LATE
Default
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Jan-MarYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Has the distinction of being one of the latest varieties to mature, with fruit maturing January through February but sometimes hanging into March. It is a green-skinned, roundly shaped, mildly flavoured fruit with a large seed. The trees are good producers. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: CATALINA
CATALINA
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Aug-SeptYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: It is a very nice mid-season pear shaped fruit. Cuban variety. It is a pure-West Indian type avocado creamy with superb rich flavour and is one of the best overall avocados to eat. Type 'A'. 1-2lbs.
P. AMERICANA: CHOQUETTE
CHOQUETTE
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105 || 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Light GreenHarvest: Dec-FebYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The fruit is large, elliptically shaped with a somewhat bumpy skin. this avocado is where eating quality intersects outstanding quantity. Type 'A'. 1.5-2.5lbs.
P. AMERICANA: DAY
DAY
Pre-order: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: Light GreenHarvest: Sept-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Very productive, precocious, and a favourite to eat. Having a buttery texture and rich nut-like flavour. Fruit can sometimes ripen unevenly but this problem seems to be ameliorated by leaving the fruit on the tree longer, and it does have an extended season. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: DONI (DONNI/DONNIE)
DONI (DONNI/DONNIE)
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105 || 3 Gal - $120 || 6 Gal - $150
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 3mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: July-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Doni is Florida's first quality avocado to hit the commercial market. It is oval-shaped fruit, medium-sized, with a medium sized seed. The flesh is very, very mild in flavour. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: DUPUIS
DUPUIS
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: July-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: An excellent tasting early season fruit, but the tree is particularly sensitive to cold and wind damage. A pure West Indian type and is one of the finest flavoured of this group. An excellent early season alternative is Simmonds. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: FANTASTIC (PRYOR) del RIO
FANTASTIC (PRYOR) del RIO
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: Light GreenHarvest: Aug-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The fruit is quite small, with a somewhat mild flavour and pale coloured flesh, but good oil content. Sometimes has issues with cracks developing in the skin as it matures. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: FLORIDA HASS
FLORIDA HASS
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Green at maturityHarvest: Oct-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The fruits are similar in taste and shape to the typical Californian Hass, with a high oil content and rich nutty flavour. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: HALL
HALL
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: Bright GreenHarvest: Nov-DecYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Produces large, pear shaped bright green fruits with yellow flesh. Medium seed and lower oil content. Similar to Choquette variety with hardier cold tolerance. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: HASS
HASS
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Turns Black as it ripensHarvest: Oct-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: It is the number one commercial variety in California, renowned for is rich nutty flavour and high oil content. The eating quality of the fruit is excellent. Type 'B'. 0.25 - 0.75lb.
P. AMERICANA: HIALEAH RED
HIALEAH RED
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Dark RedHarvest: Aug-SeptYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Has a unique appearance; it is round like a cannonball and turns a dark red colour at maturity. The fruit will turn red on the counter even if it's harvested completely green mature. A West Indian-type, with a yellow, mild flavoured flesh, and small-to-medium sized seed. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: IMPROVED POLLOCK
IMPROVED POLLOCK
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: July-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: West Indian. Supposedly more productive than 'Pollock', a very good early season avocado whose shy bearing habit has resulted in it no longer being propagated commercially. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: JOEY
JOEY
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: -5'C (23'F)
Fruit Colour: BlackHarvest: May-JulyYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Produces egg-shaped black fruits with a thin skin. The flesh is light green in colour. This Mexican variety is a heavy bearer and very cold hardy. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: KAHALUU
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Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Dec-FebYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A West Indian-Guatemalan hybrid selected in Kahaluu, Hawaii in 1940. Considered a very fine avocado in Hawaii though the production is reportedly low. The fruit are pear shaped and green. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: LILA
LILA
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: BlackHarvest: Sept-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Produces black fruits that are pear-shaped & medium sized with a rich nutty flavour. Mexican variety. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: LULA
LULA
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Oct-DecYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The medium-to-large fruit, pyriform in shape with pale coloured flesh and a rather large seed. The eating quality is excellent, and Lula is probably one of the better Florida avocados, possessing a rich flavour with a touch of sweetness and fairly good oil content, enough to hold up for making guacamole. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: MALAMA
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Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: PurpleHarvest: FallYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A Guatemalan type avocado developed by the U of Hawaii, selected in 1981. It is considered a very high quality fruit in its native state with a rich nutty flavour. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: MARCUS PUMPKIN
MARCUS PUMPKIN
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 15m x 10mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 0'C (32'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Oct-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The Goliath of the Avocados - up to 1.5kg (3 lbs)! Good creamy textured fruit has a yellow flesh that has a somewhat mild, subdued flavour. Rare & hard to find. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: MARIA
Default
Pre-order: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: BlackHarvest: Nov-JanYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Despite its compact size, this plant is fully capable of producing delicious 450g avocados which makes it perfect for container growing. They have black skin with flavour that is 4 times better than Hass avocados! Imagine a deliciously creamy, nutty and buttery flavour packed into the most perfectly sized avocado. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: MEXICOLA GRANDE
MEXICOLA GRANDE
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: PurpleHarvest: July-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Weighing nearly a pound. The tree is vigorous, bearing fruit heavily and regularly. This is a pure-Mexican type from California and have a very enjoyable flavour. It has very thin skin that can be eaten. Type 'A'.
P. AMERICANA: MIGUEL
MIGUEL
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Aug-SeptYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Large, productive, and of excellent eating quality. It has a yellow, mild flavoured flesh with a medium sized seed. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: MONROE
MONROE
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Nov-JanYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: A superb cold hardy variety. The fruit is large, abundant, and of excellent eating quality, with good flesh seed ratio, and yellow, creamy flesh with a pleasant nut flavour. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: NISHIKAWA
NISHIKAWA
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: FallYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: It is a medium sized, pear shaped fruit with yellow flesh and very high oil content and rich flavour. There are differing reports on the performance of this avocado. Ripens unevenly but the properly ripened ones are outstanding. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: ORO NEGRO
ORO NEGRO
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: BlackHarvest: Nov-JanYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Produces the creamiest of the black fruit avocado varieties, flesh is yellow-green, with a creamy texture and a delicious rich nutty flavour. It is probably one of the best tasting of the Florida avocados. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: POLLOCK
POLLOCK
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105 || 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Dark GreenHarvest: July-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Recognized for its superior eating quality, fruit are quite large, usually at least several pounds in weight. The flesh is yellow, very low in oil content but nonetheless quite nicely flavoured, superior to varieties like Miguel and Russell. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: PONCHO (PANCHO)
PONCHO (PANCHO)
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Light green with some light red/purple blushHarvest: June-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The fruit are small and pear shaped. The skin is quite thin and frequently has cracks on the bottom and the earlier harvested fruit can have uneven ripening problems. Properly ripened Poncho fruit are well flavoured though and have good oil content. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: RUSSELL
RUSSELL
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105 || 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: July-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Easily recognized by its gourd like shape. Light production discourages commercial growers, but it remains an excellent choice for the enthusiast. Type 'A'. 0.5-1kg (1-2.5 lbs).
P. AMERICANA: SEMIL 34
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Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: FallYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: West Indian-Guatemalan hybrid from Puerto Rico. It is considered a strong producer of green, pear shaped fruit with moderate oil content and good flavour. Is a fall avocado. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: SIMMONDS
SIMMONDS
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: June-AugYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Good production, and superb eating quality make it an excellent choice for the home garden. Type 'A'. 500-700g (1-1.5 lbs).
P. AMERICANA: SUPER HASS (OO LA LA)
SUPER HASS (OO LA LA)
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: BlackHarvest: Sept-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: This variety was originally sold under the name 'Oo La La', which was later changed to 'Super Hass'. The fruit is smallish, oval shaped and turns black as it nears maturity. It has a pale coloured flesh and outstanding rich nut flavour, very similar to regular Hass but with perhaps larger fruit. Type 'A'. 200-400g.
P. AMERICANA: THOMPSON RED
THOMPSON RED
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: RedHarvest: Sept-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: West Indian type. Produces delicious large avocados. Type 'A'. 400-800g.
P. AMERICANA: TONNAGE
TONNAGE
Pre-order: 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 9m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Sept-OctYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Excellent flavour and good fruit quality. Fruit is 1-2 lbs, green and smooth to lightly pebbly skin. Tonnage is yet another old commercial cultivar that has been fazed out primarily due to its three week season. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: UTUADO
Default
Pre-order: 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 15'C (59'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 10'C (50'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Dec-FebYear(s) to bear fruit: 2-3
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Dwarf Avocado Tree. Ideal to grow in container. Excellent flavour. Type 'B'. 400-700g (14-24 oz).
P. AMERICANA: WALDIN
WALDIN
Pre-order: None at this time
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: Pale Green-Greenish YellowHarvest: Oct-NovYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'A' needs Type 'B'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: Excellent flavour, creamy avocado, precocious & productive hardy tree. Fruit: oblong to oval & characteristically flattened on one side at the blossom end; smooth, pale green-greenish yellow; seed size med. to large, tight in cavity; flesh pale to greenish yellow, of good flavour. Type 'A'. 350-600g.
P. AMERICANA: WINTER MEXICAN
WINTER MEXICAN
Pre-order: 2 Gal - $105
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: VigorousDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 8m x 6mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Nov-JanYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Type 'B' needs Type 'A'Chill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: The flesh from Winter Mexican avocados is similar to the Hass, but with smaller fruit on average. Produces quite early. While this tree is fairly cold-hardy, don't let the name "winter" lead you to think it is the most cold-hardy of Mexican avocado varieties! It is a Mexican-Guatemalan hybrid, less cold-hardy than pure Mexican types. Rather, this avocado gets its name from the time of year it bears fruit. Type 'B'.
P. AMERICANA: WURTZ (LITTLE CADO)
WURTZ (LITTLE CADO)
Pre-order: 3 Gal - $120
Sunlight: FullGrowth Rate: MediumDrought Tolerance: No
Full Size (WxH): 3m x 2mIdeal Min Temp: 10'C (50'F)Min Temp Tolerated: 5'C (41'F)
Fruit Colour: GreenHarvest: Dec-FebYear(s) to bear fruit: 3-4
Prop. Method: GraftedFertility: Self, better with second varietyChill Hours Required: 150 hrs below 10'C (50'F)
Description: This is one special variety of avocado that has both type A and type B flowers at once. The Wurtz or "Little Cado" is also the only true dwarf avocado variety. Between its compact size, superior self-fertility, and ability to bear fruit sooner than most, the Little Cado is awesome for backyard gardens and small spaces.

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