Jakfruit

Large by nature they can be pruned annually to 12′ x 12′ producing as much as 200 lbs. of fruit per year. It is the largest fruit that grows on a tree. The heaviest ever recorded weighed 275 lbs. Cooked green, the fruit can be used as a vegetable. It can be boiled, fried, grilled, roasted, or prepared with sauces. Mature seeds are also prepared in dishes. The ripe fruit tastes like a combination of mango, banana, pineapple, and cantaloupe. It is often compared to juicy fruit gum.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘BLACK GOLD’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
Selected in Queensland, Australia. The tree is vigorous, with a dense and highly manageable canopy. With annual pruning the tree is easily maintained at a height and spread of 2 to 2.5 m (6.5 to 8.1 ft), with consistent, heavy production of 55 to 90 kg (120 to 200 lb) per tree. The fruit are medium-sized, averaging 6.7 kg (14.7 lb), with an edible flesh percentage of 35%. The exterior of the fruit is dark green and has sharp fleshy spines. The spines do not flatten, or “open” upon maturity, making it difficult to judge the proper harvest time and maturity. The deep orange flesh is soft, with a strong, sweet flavor and aroma. The flesh is easily removed from the fruit compared with other cultivars. Sept-Dec.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘CHEENA’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
Cheena is a hybrid between Jackfruit and Cempedak. It is a moderate to heavy producer of small fruit that are easy to open and process. Low Vigour with spreading habit. Deep orange flesh is soft and melts in the mouth. The flavour is richer than normal Jackfruit.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘GOLD NUGGET’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
Selected in Queensland, Australia. The tree is fast growing, with a distinctive dark green, rounded leaf. It forms a dense, spreading canopy, which is easily maintained at a height and spread of 2 to 2.5 m (6.5 to 8.1 ft). The fruit are small, green and rounded, with sharp, fleshy spines on the skin. The spines flatten to a smooth, golden-yellow upon maturity. The fruit weigh 3.2 kg (7 lb), with an excellent edible flesh percentage of 41%. The deep orange flesh is soft to medium firm depending on fruit ripeness. The flavour is excellent and the flesh has no fibre. Fruit may split open prior to ripening. Yields can be maintained at 60 to 80 kg (132 to 176 lb) per tree per year. Sept-Dec.

Atocarpus heterophyllus ‘GOLDEN PILLOW’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
‘Golden Pillow’, or ‘Mong Tong’, was introduced to the Americas in the 1980s from Thailand. In its homeland it has attained a reputation as a fruit of distinctive beauty and quality. The tree is small and highly manageable with a height and spread of 3 m (10 ft). The fruit average 3.6 to 5.5 kg (8 to 12 lb) with 35 to 40% edible flesh. There are typically 65 to 75 seeds per fruit and little latex. The flesh is thick and crunchy, with a golden colour. The flavour is mild and sweet, with no musky aftertaste. This cultivar is noted for precocious fruiting, bearing in the second year after planting.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘J-31’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
Open, spreading, fast growth habit. Early season producer; tree easily pruned to maintain small tree (~8 ft). Deep yellow fruit that is firm. Sweet rich flavour, earthy aroma. Fruit rarely splits and has excellent texture. Fruit size 12kg [26lb]. Tree of 6-8′ can produce 40-60kg per year.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘MAI 1’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
This Thai variety has oval 25-35 lb fruit; the flesh is extra crispy with a golden-yellow skin colour, sweet and delicious, with little latex. The tree can be maintained at a height and spread of 8 ft.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘MAI 2’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
Crunchy taste with little latex, fruit can weight between 20-40 lbs but this variety is not very productive as the Mai 1 as some growers have learned.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘ORANGE CRUSH’
Height: 8ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
Orange Crush has a dark orange, extra crunchy flesh, with a nice clean green skin, and low latex. Typically weighs about 20lbs. The interior of the fruit consists of large edible bulbs of yellow, sweet, banana flavoured aromatic flesh that encloses a smooth seed.

Artocarpus heterophyllus ‘SMALL’
Height: 6ft
Minimum Temp Tolerated: 28F
Notes:
This variety features are described by its name: it has a smaller 8-10″ fruit that weighs 4-6 pounds, and the tree has a dwarf habit. It is a perfect Jakfruit for container culture. The fruit is sweet and aromatic and has very little latex which makes it easy to handle when opening the fruit.

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