Apples

ASHMEADS KERNEL
Russet (Heirloom, UK or Europe 1720’s)
Trip, Self Fert, poor pollinator/F/J/K4m.
Late Oct.
Spur

An old English variety of unparalleled quality. Small to medium, greenish-yellow apples with heavy brownish russet have crisp, juicy yellow flesh. A good sharp addition for cider but also great for sauce or dessert. Some resistance to scab and mildew. Ripens mid-late October. Store until New Year to reach perfection.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

BALDWIN
Pecker US (Heirloom, 1740-1750)
Trip,Self Fert, poor pollinator/F/J/B/K3m
Mid Oct.
Semi-spur

The Baldwin apple originated in the state of Massachusetts and has been for many years the most popular winter apple. The fruit is often large with a yellow background shaded and splashed with crimson and red and spotted with russet dots. Flesh is yellowish white, tender, juicy, subacid yet spright and aromatic. Fine as a dessert apple and a good cooker, also good for freezing and drying.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom
2018:

 

BLENHEIM ORANGE
(Heirloom, 1740)
Trip, self sterile, poor pollinator/F/B/J/K3m.
Early Oct.
Spur/tip

A very famous old apple in Britain originating in Woodstock, near Blenheim in Oxfordshire, England, 1740. An all purpose large variety yellowish with red and light russet covering. Crisp, sweet with light tartness, lightly spicy or nutty aftertaste.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

BRAMLEY SEEDLING
British (Heirloom, 1837)
Trip, self sterile, poor pollinator/J/B/K6m
Early Oct.
Spur/tip

One of the most famous of British apples, prized as one of the best pie apples ever, just ask an Englishman! Introduced in 1865 by Mr. Bramley. The fruit is large, greenish yellow with reddish brown striping. The flesh is firm, juicy and sharply acid, high vitamin C content. The tree crops heavily is vigorous and spreading, resistant to apple scab.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom
2018:

 

BURGUNDY
1974
F/J
Mid Sept.

Fully tree ripened Burgundy apples have a unique flavour best described as tropical with traces of raspberry ; very juicy large dark red – purple nearly black fruit. Very good eating apple. Fruit hang well but should be harvested before becoming over ripe. Sub acid, best to blend juice with a variety higher in acid.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

CALVILLE BLANC D’HIVER
(Heirloom, 1598)
FIAP- Dip, self sterile/F/B/J/K3m
Early Oct.
Spur

The classic French dessert apple dating back to the late 1500’s, growing at Orleans in the gardens of Louis XIII in 1627. Large, somewhat flattish shape with prominent ribbing, pale green often with red dotting on the sunny side. Tender, fine-grained, creamy white flesh is sweet-spicy with a delicate banana-like aroma. Ripens to yellow in storage where it develops maximum flavour. Very high vitamin C 35-40mg per 100grams, as much as an orange. Excellent as a dessert apple, for cider, cider vinegar, and culinary use.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

COX’S ORANGE PIPIN
British (Heirloom, 1529 or 1820’s)
Dip self sterile/F/K7m
Early Oct.
Spur

One of the most famous English desert apples. The fruit are uniform, medium-sized, with orange-red skin. Keeps for several months.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom
2018:

 

DOLGO
(CRAB) Russian early 1900’s
D.R. Dip, Self Fert/good pollinator/Jelly
Mid Aug.
Semi-spur

This classic heirloom variety has been called the perfect apple tree because it is so hardy, pest resistant and carefree. A small dark red crab that makes a gorgeous clear red jelly. One of the earliest apples to bloom in the spring, a terrific show of white flowers, it also has attractive red fall colour. A good pollinator for early blooming apples.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

EARLY HARVEST
US (Heirloom, 1700’s)
Tip/spur Dip/F.
Mid Aug.
Semi-spur

This very early yellow apple is often confused with Yellow Transparent, with both varieties ripening in late July to early August. Early Harvest however, has a crisper flesh than Yellow Transparent and better quality for fresh eating, also excellent for sauce.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

ESOPUS SPITZENBURG
US (Heirloom, 1790)
PE-Dip, Self Fert/F/J/B/K6m
Mid Oct.
*spur

One of Thomas Jeffersons favorites. From Esopus, New York mid 1700’s, planted at Monticello in 1790. The fruit has a yellow flesh that is juicy, spright and richly flavoured, hard, oblong shaped, coloured lively brilliant red/scarlet, improves in storage when picked just prior to becoming fully tree ripe and stores well in this condition.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

FREEDOM D.R.
US, 1958
Dip,self sterile/F/J
Late Sept.
spur

The name refers to it’s “Freedom” from disease – including of course scab as well as fire blight and mildew. Large, red striped over yellowish background; creamy, juicy, firm, tender and moderately acid, a unique pleasant flavour. One of the better disease resistant varieties for storage, may retain quality until December.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Neither
2018:

 

FUJI
Japan 1939
Dip, self sterile/F/J/K3m
Late Oct.

Its crisp, very juicy, sweet flesh makes Fuji a very popular variety. It was developed in Japan and shows some resistance to scab. To the best of our knowledge, this is the original strain.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

GLOWING HEART
1990, RED FLESH.
Self sterile B
Sept.

Although the startling crimson flesh is somewhat tart for fresh eating it makes a splendid cranberry-red sauce. This distinctive variety also provides outstanding ornamental value in the springtime when it is bedecked with burgundy and pink hued blossoms.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

GOLD RUSH
US, 1990’s.
PL-Dip self sterile/F/J/K6m
Late Oct.
Spur

Excellent quality golden apple with a bronze/red blush that delivers a “rush” of flavour. Pale yellow flesh is crisp, firm and non-browning. Definitely tart at picking time but mellows to a wonderfully complex spicy flavour in storage.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

GOLDEN PERMAIN
US (Heirloom, 1755)
Dip/F/J
Oct.
Spur/tip

An extremely good eating apple of medium size and rather flat form. The skin is rough with a large portion of bright russet mingled with red toward the sun when fully ripe. The flesh is rich, tender and rather dry. It is a good uniform bearer. Valuable for cider and for family use.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

GOLDEN RUSSET
US (Heirloom, 1700’s, or 1845)
Harvest Late, PL/ Dip self sterile/F/J/K5m
Late Oct.
Tip

The most famous of the russets; in the large russet family. One of the latest to fully tree ripens in October. It may shrivel in storage yet retain good flavour. It must be left to hang on the tree almost as late as possible, and provided with humidity in storage to prevent breakdown and shriveling. Excellent for eating and prized as a cider variety, known to produce a hard cider of up to 7% alcohol due to its high sugar content; also good for drying. The skin is the typical russet, a greenish yellow background with a covering of bronze / copper/ orange colouring. The flesh is fine grained, crisp and sugary. Some resistance to apple scab.

Year Acquired: 2017 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

GRIMES GOLDEN
US (Heirloom, 1790-1804)
Dip/good pollinator/thin/F/J/K4m
Mid Oct.
Spur/tip

One of the finest American apples for fresh eating and for producing a potent hard cider, although it does not cook well. The fruit is small if not thinned as it tends to overcrop, has a tough yellow skin often patched with russet. The flesh is yellowish orange, highly flavoured, spicy sweet, tender, crisp, juicy, aromatic. Moderately resistant to fire blight and cedar-apple rust.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

HOSTEIN
German 1918.
Trip./ Self sterile, poor pollinator. F/J/K4m.
Mid Oct.

A seedling and similar to Cox but larger. Colour is like Cox, yellow with varying red flush and russetting. Flesh is creamy yellow, firm, juicy and aromatic. The tree is resistant to apple scab, vigorous and spreading.

Year Acquired: 2017 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2017: Neither
2018:

 

JALANDER
(Heirloom)
Dip/F

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom
2018:

 

KENTISH FILLBASKET
British 1820
Trip, self sterile, poor pollinator/J/B
Mid Oct.

These apples are very large! Colouring is striped red. They have both high sugar content and acidity and cook to a light puree. A true heritage English cooking apple.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom
2018:

 

KERR
(CRAB)
Self sterile F/J/P/K3m
Late Sept.
Semi-spur

A dark purple, sometimes nearly black skin crab. Good quality for preserves. Flesh is yellowish flecked with dark red, exceptionally juicy, sweet /sprightly acid. White flowers, very productive.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

LADY
French (Heirloom, <1628)
Dip, self sterile/F/J/K6m
Mid Oct.
Spur

Possibly the Appian apple of the Roman Empire and grown in the gardens of Louis XIV. Small, flattish with a shiny skin of creamy yellow, deep glossy crimson on the sunny side, very attractive; tender flesh that is white, crisp, juicy, effervescent. Only for areas that have a season long enough to ripen it.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

LIBERTY
US, 1978.
D.R. PE-Trip/self sterile, poor pollinator/thin/F/B/K4m
Mid Oct.
Spur

Liberty has the distinction of being the most disease resistant, scab, mildew, fireblight, and cedar apple rust, variety developed to date. Crisp, juicy, light yellow flesh with sprightly flavour. Good for eating fresh, cooking, canning or desserts. Hardy, vigorous tree sets heavy fruit loads, so it benefits from thinning to ensure larger fruit. Flavour develops further when the apples are left in storage.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Neither
2018:

 

LORD LAMBOURNE
British 1907. (Heirloom)
Tip/spur Dip, partially self fertile/F/J.
Mid Sept.
Spur/Tip

From England, coloured greenish yellow with bright red flushing and darker red striping. The flavour is a combination of acidity and strawberry, sweet, juicy, crisp, fine grained, pale creamy and aromatic.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

MACFREE
D.R. Thin-Dip/F.
Mid Oct.
Semi-Spur/tip

Disease resistant, resembling McIntosh in appearance and flavour. Fruit tend to be small, thin for better size. Tree is moderately vigorous and spreading.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Blossom
2018:

 

MUTSU
(Crispin) Japan, 1930.
Trip/Self Fert, poor pollinator/F/B/K6m
Mid Oct.

Sweet, mild flavour, Mutsu is excellent for pies or eating fresh. Keeps its shape when cooked.  The fruit is very large and golden yellow when ripe.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

NONPAREIL
French, 16th Cent (Heirloom)
PL-Dip, self sterile/F/K3m.
Late Oct.
Spur

One of the oldest apple varieties in England. Terrific flavour, a small variety coloured greenish yellow ripening to orange and russetted.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

NORLAND
(CRAB)
Self Sterile F/B/J
Mid Aug.
Semi-Spur

A very cold hardy variety that is good for fresh eating or applesauce. The fruit is medium sized with sweet flesh. Bears heavy annual crops starting early in the life of the tree.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

PEEWAUKEE
US mid 1800’s (Heirloom)
Dip/F/B/K4m.
Late Oct.

Okay for fresh eating, excellent cooking apple and fairly hardy. The fruit is medium  to often large in size, has a thin greenish yellow skin mottled orange red and striped carmine; flesh is whitish, very juicy, coarse and firm. Late to ripen, a good keeper.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

PURPLE PASSION
RED FLESH.
Self sterile F/J
Early-Mid Oct.
Semi-Spur

A large apple with deep red flesh. that will hang on the tree. Purple Passion is crimson red already in early September, but it will become much sweeter if you wait another month or so to pick it. A unique blend of exotic and practical.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

RHODE ISLAND GREENING
US, (Heirloom, 1650)
Trip/self sterile, poor pollinator/B/K3m
Mid Oct.
Spur

One of the oldest  historic apple varieties originating in America. The fruit has long been prized as a pie apple, one of the best, and enjoyed fresh by those who prefer a tart flavour. The fruit is often large, dark green to lighter green when fully ripe, may have a light blush; flesh is yellowish, crisp, tart, and stores quite well when kept cold. The tree is vigorous and spreading, very productive.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

ROXBURY RUSSET
US, 1600-1649 D.R. (Heirloom)
Trip/ Self sterile, poor pollinator/F/J/B/K5m.
Mid Oct.
Semi-Spur/tip

Perhaps the oldest named variety originating in America. Typical russet , sweet, rich, greenish yellow flesh, also widely used to produce hard cider with its high sugar content. The skin is greenish tinged bronze and covered with a yellow brown russet, often with a reddish orange blush on the sunny side. Resistant to apple scab and a good choice for those without a disease control program. Good for fresh eating, cooking, especially cider and storage.

Year Acquired: 2017 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2017: Neither
2018:

 

SALOME
(Heirloom 1869)
PE-Dip/F/B/K4m.
Early Oct.

The crisp and juicy deep-cream coloured flesh is sweet and has a very nice fruit flavour. Medium-sized or smaller, with pale yellow skin mottled with pinkish-red.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

SNOW
Canada, 1700-1749. (Heirloom)
Dip self sterile/F/J/B
Mid Oct.

Possibly from seeds brought from France, originated near Lake Champlain in Canada in 1730’s. Deep red skin with pure white flesh and sweet strawberry flavour. Cold-hardy, heavy cropper.  Keeps a couple months.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

SUNDANCE
US 1964.
D.R. Dip. self sterile/F/J/K4m.
Nov.

Crisp, fairly juicy flesh has little aroma but a spicy, citrus flavour. This large greenish-yellow apple sometimes has an orange-red blush. The tree is disease-resistant, the apple is attractive and tasty and the effort was clearly well worthwhile.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

SWAAR
(Heavy Apple in Dutch)
US, 1769 (Heirloom)
PL-Dip/F/K4m.
Late Oct.

Green/yellow rough skin  with some russetting. Creamy white flesh is sweet and aromatic. Late ripening. Flavour improves and mellows in storage although becoming softer, pear like in flavour. Hangs well, often into winter

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

TANGOWINE
D.R. Dip/F/J /K4m.
Mid Oct.
Spur

Highly resistant to apple scab, this variety exhibits pink veined flesh, is aromatic and uniquely flavoured. This rare cultivar is a local favorite in New Brunswick where it was discovered as a chance seedling. Medium-large, deep maroon apples. Great for fresh eating but even better for drying. An attractive red apple picked late, in October.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

VISTA BELLA
US 1956
Dip, self sterile/F.
Mid Aug.

Vista Bella is the first red apple of the season. The flavour and texture are of better quality than other early apples. The flesh is crisp and juicy, although it softens quickly, and like other early apples, does not keep long.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

WEALTHY
US. (Heirloom, 1860)
Must thin! Dip, self sterile/F/B/K3
Early Sept.
Semi-Spur/tip

One of the first of the varieties bred in America.An early apple, Wealthy makes splendid applesauce with old fashioned flavour. The fruit is a deep red colour over a pale yellow ground. Its white flesh has some pink veining and is crisp, juicy and has a very mild, yet distinctive sweet/tart flavour, but is also good for fresh eating. Wealthy bears early, is scab resistant and cold hardy, makes an excellent pollinator for other apples.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

WHITNEY
(CRAB)
F/J Self Fert/Good Pollinator.
Mid Sept.

Intense and incredibly sweet, it is considered by some to be the best edible crab. Aside from fresh eating, it is excellent for pickling or cider. An added bonus is the magnificent pink and white blossoms covering this narrow, upright tree in spring.

Year Acquired: 2017 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

WINESAP
US ,(Heirloom, 1817)
Trip/self sterile WILL NOT POLLINATE OTHER VARIETIES/F/J/B/K5m
Late Oct.
Spur/tip

Medium-large red and yellow skinned, yellow flesh with red streaks. Sweet with some tang or ‘winey’ flavour, regarded as a favourite for cider. Good storage qualities. Very resistant to fire blight.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

WINTER BANANA
US. (Heirloom, 1876-90)
Dip, self sterile/F/J/K3m
Early Oct.
Spur

Fruit is very attractive with tender smooth thin skin, waxy, bright pale yellow with red blush, medium to large oblong fruit. Flesh is whitish tinged with yellow, juicy, somewhat crisp; flavour is sweet to very sweet with a bit of tang, aromatic. Ripens late Sept., stores fairly well which improves flavour. Tree is vigorous, may be droopy, bears young and heavily.

Year Acquired: 2014 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Blossom/Fruit
2017: Blossom/Fruit
2018:

 

WOLF RIVER
US. 1870’s (Heirloom)
PL. Dip, self sterile/J/B
Early Oct.
Spur/tip

A large to enormous apple, great for cooking, applesauce and butter, very winter hardy.  The skin is greenish yellow covered with red and carmine splashing and striping, flesh is soft and tender and it does not store well. Resistant to scab, canker, and mildew, though susceptible to fire blight.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Spring

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

 

YELLOW TRANSPARENT
Russian, 1869. (Heirloom)
Dip/F/B
Late July.
Semi-spur

An old Russian apple also known as Harvest Apple or White Transparent. One of the first to ripen, known for its quality smooth creamy sauce. Yellow green, small if not thinned, does not store must be used promptly. Great as a home orchard type. Scab resistant.

Year Acquired: 2016 – Fall

Fruit/Blossom
2016: Neither
2017: Neither
2018:

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