Just finished the list of new additions for 2018, hope you like them!
TROPIC OF CANADA LIST OF NEW INTRODUCTIONS FOR SUMMER 2018
Coffea Arabica Coffea Arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. Arabian coffee has been cultivated for over 1,000 yrs. A small tree, 2-5 m / 6-15 ft tall, with characteristic horizontal branching, although it is usually trimmed to take the form of a small shrub about 2m/6ft tall. Leaves are evergreen and usually shiny. Flowers are hermaphroditic and sweet-scented (resembles the aroma of Jasmine), the corolla white, tubular, normally with 5 lobes. Fruits are usually red but sometimes yellow or purple at maturity. The outer layer is soft, edible and a sweet-tasting cherry, the seed itself is pale fawn or brown (dark brown only after roasting). Best grown in rich, well-drained soils in filtered sun or light shade. Keep soils consistently moist but not soggy. Plants prefer climates with daytime temperatures of 70-80’F/21-26’C. and nighttime temperatures of 60-65’F/15-17’C. Leaf drop may occur when temperatures dip below 55’F/12’C. Plants may be grown indoors in containers with a fast-draining potting soil. Indoor plants like bright sunny windows, but when taken outdoors appreciate light shade. Plants first flower when they reach 3-4 years old. Fertilize during the growing season. There are several species of Coffea, the finest quality being Arabica. Coffea Arabica grows in tropical and equatorial regions where it is always spring or summer, it’s not a change of climate, but rather the beginning of the rainy season after the dry season that triggers Arabica plants to flower. Eight or nine months after flowering comes the fruit. For Natural Coffee – fruit is dried in the sun for up to 20 days. Once the peels, pulp and seeds are all completely dry, then the beans can be separated for roasting. Zone 9-11.
TROPIC OF CANADA LIST OF NEW INTRODUCTIONS from AGRI-STARTS FOR SUMMER 2018
Actinidia arguta ‘Issai’. (Hardy Kiwi) The only self-fertile hardy kiwi, is less vigorous than other kiwi’s which enables it to be grown in gardens with limited space. Height 4-10ft. This has been known to fruit in its first year. Blossom in Spring-fall fruiting. Bite sized ‘fuzz’ free. As a patio plant, requires support, set outside during the summer and move indoors in the winter. Zone 6-9.
Ficus ‘GE Neri’. (Fig) Extremely large fruit, Easy to grow. An Italian fig and it may just grow the largest figs of all the figs! Add this rare variety to your collection and bring delicious, sweet flavour to your kitchen! Average mature height: 6-10feet. Will not tolerate excessively wet soil, but needs ample moisture during fruiting. Zones: 7 – 9
Olea europea ‘Manzanillo’ 4-032. (Olive) Imported from Spain in the late 1800s it produces quality black edible fruit annually. A great table and oil olive, high in anti-oxidants with smaller pits, yielding more flesh. ‘Manzanillo’ is ranked as the world’s best table olive. This small spreading evergreen tree is a vigorous and prolific fruiter. The soft, gray-green foliage has small, pollen-rich white flowers that grow on long stems from the leaf axis. Although it’s self-fertile, cross-pollination with Arbequina will increase yields. The medium/large-sized (about 1”) fruits are often picked green but will ripen to deep black when left on the tree. Although pruning keeps trees at the desired height, remember that olives usually bear fruit on the previous year’s growth. In northern zones, bring your olive tree inside once temperatures reach 32’F/0’C and provide cool, but not freezing, temperatures with indirect light for the winter months. Remember: olives must be cured before eating. Hardy in zones 8-11. In cooler regions grow as a Patio Plant or House Plant! Makes a very unusual bonsai!
Piper nigrum. (Black Pepper) Black pepper is a perennial evergreen flowering vine. A climber that grows to a height and width of 10-15ft. Once the main stem is established it grows many side shoots to create a bushy column. The plants form short roots, called adventitious roots, which connect to surrounding supports. Leaves are almond-shaped, tapering towards the tip, dark green and shiny above, paler green below, arranged alternately on the stems. Florets are mainly hermaphrodite, tiny, apetulous that bloom on flowering stalks known as spikes. 50–150 whitish to yellow-green flowers are produced on a spike. Fruits or corns round, berry-like, up to 6 mm in diameter, green at first but turning red as they ripen, each containing a single seed. 50–60 fruits are borne on each spike. Fruits are picked when green and immature to produce green pepper; when fully grown but still green and shiny to produce black pepper (dried for about 3 days); and when slightly riper (red) to produce white pepper (for which the fruits are also soaked to remove the fleshy outer layer). It is best grown in sun dappled areas or areas with bright indirect sun. It needs a support structure (e.g., wooden frame or prop tree). Outside of conservatories or greenhouses, they may be grown in containers as a houseplant with an attached trellis or in a hanging basket. Containers should be taken outside for the warm summer months as indoor houseplants will not usually produce fruit. Plants are intolerant of temperatures below 50’F/10’C. Noteworthy Characteristics Piper nigrum is a tropical plant that produces the popular black and white peppercorns and ground pepper of commerce that have been used for many years as culinary spices or seasonings. This species is native to southern India and Sri Lanka. It has been used in Indian cooking since at least 2000 B. C. Zone 12.
Musa ‘Dwarf Green’. Musa ‘Dwarf Green’ is a sturdy plant with extremely thick leaves, which may be used for wrapping and grilling meat, as well as serving food. They also make this cultivar very wind tolerant. This is a Cavendish type banana that produces a creamy orange pulp fruit. Zone 9-11 HT6 ft
Musa ‘Dwarf Orinoco’. The ‘Dwarf Orinoco’ is a small vigorous plant that is solid green and has a thick stem. It is a heavy bearer of thick skinned fruit of very good eating quality. There is very little curvature to the fruit and the fruit can ripen on the plant without splitting. ‘Dwarf Orinoco’ versatility make them popular in many regions of the world. The plant is hardy and withstands cold temperatures and wind, but may be supported when carrying large heads of fruit. Zone 7b-11 Ht 5-6ft. Suitable as a desert or for cooking.
Musa ‘Dwarf Red’. Dwarf Red’ is one of many red-skinned banana cultivars, however this one stays short and takes up little space. Most red bananas are much esteemed for good tasting fruit, and this one is no exception. This cultivar also has red pseudo-stems. Red bananas take longer to ripen than most, and take up to 24 months to fruit. The very distinct, robust flavour that makes it well worth the wait. This red banana’s skin turns sunset colours through the ripening process from yellow-green to orange then to red. The skin should be almost very dark red before it is ripe enough to eat. The thick leaves of ‘Dwarf Red’ Banana work well for wrapping and grilling meats. Zone 8-11 Ht 5-7ft. Multi-coloured foliage from green to burgundy. Excellent desert banana.
Musa ‘Lacatan’. Desirable for desert bananas because of their sweet taste, aroma, and firm texture when ripe. They are preferred to Cavendish varieties in their native region of the Philippines. Zone 8-11 Ht 5-9ft. Claimed to be the best tasting banana. Harvest fruit in 8 to 12 months.